Pets

A Dog Collar

Dog Collar

A dog collar is a piece of material put around the neck of a dog. A collar may be used for restraint, identification, fashion, or protection. Identification tags and medical information are often placed on dog collar.

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A dog collar is a piece of material put around the neck of a dog. A collar may be used for restraint, identification, fashion, or protection. Identification tags and medical information are often placed on dog collar. Collar are often used in conjunction with a leash for restraining a dog. A better alternative to a dog collar is a dog harness, as collar are purely around the neck, causing a dog restrained in a collar to have severe pressure put on its trachea when it pulls, and slip out easier if it is too loose, yet collar are still the more common form of directing dogs. Basic collar Collar are made with a variety of materials, most commonly leather or nylon webbing. Less common materials can include polyester, hemp, metal, or “oilcloth”.

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Collars can be decorated in a variety of ways with a variety of materials. The basic collar for everyday wear are: Buckle collar, also called flat collar, with a buckle similar to a belt buckle, or a quick-release buckle, either of which holds the collar loosely around the dog’s neck. Identification is commonly attached to such a collar; it also comes with a loop to which a leash can be fastened. This is the most standard collar for dogs. A flat collar should fit comfortably tight on the dog’s neck. It should not be so tight as to choke the dog nor so loose that they can slip out of it. Generally, you should be able to fit two fingers underneath the collar. Break-away collar look similar to buckle collar but have a safety mechanism installed that allows the dog to break free of the collar if excessive force is applied. These collars are useful in situations where a non-quick release collar could get snagged and strangle the dog. Safety stretch collar contain an elastic panel in the sturdy nylon collar, which allows escaping from potential strangulation dangers such as branches, fences, gates, and other dogs.
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Unlike breakaways, a stretch collar acts like a traditional collar when clipped with a leash. Special-purpose collar and attachments Stud collar, also called wolf collar, protection collar, or spiked collar depending on the attachments, are collar fitted with metal studs, dulled points, or sharp points that traditionally prevented another animal from biting the dog’s neck. Commonly, spikes are hand-set and tightly riveted for extra security. This type of collar dates back to ancient Greece when dogs protecting livestock were given nail-studded collar to protect them from wolves or other predators. In modern societies, stud collar are more commonly considered a fashion accessory. Reflective collar, usually made with nylon webbing, incorporate reflective tape that ensures that the dog will be seen at night by approaching vehicles. A lighted collar is a collar that emits light in order to make a dog more visible in the dark to their owners and more importantly, nearby motorists.

It is not designed to help a dog see at night, as it is well documented that dogs have very good vision in low light conditions. Most lighted collar utilize one or more light-emitting diodes for the light source and can be of virtually any color, although red and blue are most common. Power is provided by one or more batteries, most common types being AAA and lithium coin cells to minimize the added weight to the collar. A flotation collar is a buoyancy aid designed for dogs. Although it is not designed to be used as a life preserver or life jacket, it can provide additional buoyant support for the head of a dog when in the water. It is often used in canine hydrotherapy services to assist in the rehabilitation of injured dogs. The collar may be constructed of closed-cell foam material that is inherently buoyant or be of a type that is inflated with air. Medical collar Flea collar are impregnated with chemicals that repel fleas. They are usually a supplementary collar, worn in addition to the conventional buckle collar. Elizabethan collar, shaped like a truncated cone, can be fitted on a dog to prevent it from scratching a wound on its head or neck or licking a wound or infection on its body. Training collar Several types of collar are used for the purposes of training dogs, though sometimes a collar is not used at all . Each training collar has its own set of advantages and disadvantages which trainers might consider before using a select one. Training collar are typically used for training only and not left on the dog’s neck all the time, as some collar can be harmful or dangerous if left on a dog unsupervised. Flat collar Some dogs are trained on a leash using a buckle or quick-release collar. Martingale collar Martingale collar are recommended for sighthounds because their heads are smaller than their necks and they can often slip out of standard collar. They can, however, be used for any breed of dog.
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Their no-slip feature has made them a safety standard at many kennels and animal shelters. A martingale collar has 2 loops; the smaller loop is the “control loop” that tightens the larger loop when pulled to prevent dogs from slipping out of the collar. A correctly adjusted martingale does not constrict the dog’s neck when pulled taut. Others use them fitted snugly to be able to use them in a similar manner to a choke chain but without the unlimited constriction of a choke chain. The structure allows the collar to be loose and comfortable but tightens if the dog attempts to back out of it. Head halters, also called head collar, are similar in design to a halter for a horse. They are sold under several brand names. Brands include Comfort Trainer, Canny Collar, Halti, Gentle Leader, and Snoot Loop amongst several others. Brand names are also used when referring to these collar most commonly Halti or Gentle Leader. This device fastens around the back of the neck and over the top of the muzzle, giving more control over a dog’s direction and the intensity of pulling on a leash than most collar that fit strictly around the neck. Pressure on this type of collar pulls the dog’s nose and consequently their head towards the handler. These type of collar can aid in stopping a strong dog from pulling an owner in an unsafe direction. They are also recommended for dogs that pull as the pressure will no longer be directly on their windpipe. The theory behind the utility of head halters is that if you have control of the head, you have control of the body. The head collar generally consists of two loops, one behind the ears and the other over the nose. This tool generally makes it more difficult for the dog to pull on its leash. This is a management tool only, it does not train the dog not to pull. Controversy Supporters of the head halter say that it enables the handler to control the dog’s head, and makes the dog unable to pull using its full strength. They claim it is especially useful with reactive dogs, where control of the dog’s head can be a safety issue. Those who do not recommend the use of the head halter say that some dogs find it unnatural and uncomfortable. If the collar is too tight, it may dig too deeply into the skin or the strap around the muzzle may push into the dog’s eyes.
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Cervical injury is a possible result from improper use of the head halter; if a dog is jerked suddenly by the leash attached to the head halter, the dog’s nose is pulled sharply to the side, which might result in neck injury. If the nose strap is fitted too tightly, the hair on the muzzle can also be rubbed off, or the dog might paw and scratch at its face, causing injuries ranging from mere bare skin to severe abrasions. Some head halters such as the Canny Collar attach behind the neck and tighten around the nose when the dog pulls to deter the dog from pulling. Manufacturers claim they are safer than halters that attach below the muzzle because they do not pull the dog’s head to one side, avoiding stress on the neck area. Some rear-fastening head halters can have the noseband removed during use, therefore providing an element of training the dog to eventually walk on a regular collar and lead. Aversive collar use levels of discomfort or an unpleasant sensation to encourage a dog to modify unwanted behaviors. The use of aversive collar is controversial, with some humane and veterinary organizations recommending against them. Shock collar are electronic training aids developed to deliver a low-intensity electrical signal, vibration, tone, or light signal to the dog via the collar. Used primarily as a means of remote communication and widely accepted as a primary tool for the training of deaf and working dogs. The “aversive” use of these collar is seen mainly in the field of containment where they have been seen as one of the most effective and least invasive of all the aversive tools since the 1980s. Attaching a leash or lead to an electronic collar can pull the contacts too close to the dog’s skin, causing lessened effectiveness of the collar and discomfort. These consist of a radio receiver attached to the collar and a transmitter that the trainer holds. When triggered, the collar delivers an aversive. The specific aversives vary with different makes of collar. Some emit sounds, some vibrate, some release citronella or other aerosol sprays, some apply electrical stimulation. A few collar incorporate several of these. Of these, electrical stimulation is the most common and most widely used. Early electrical collar provided only a single, high-level shock and were useful only to punish undesirable behavior. Modern electrical collar are adjustable, allowing the trainer to match the stimulation level to the dog’s sensitivity and temperament. They deliver a measured level of aversive stimulation that produces from a mildly irritating tingle or tap sensation to severe discomfort or pain. Used at high levels collar startle without risk of producing permanent physical injury when used correctly.
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Shock collars are prohibited or restricted in some places. Prong collar also called pinch collar, are a series of metal links that fit together by connecting through blunt prongs that point inward toward the dog’s neck. The design of the prong collar incorporates a chain loop connecting the ends of the prong series, such that it has a limited circumference, unlike choke chains, which do not have a limit on how far they can constrict on a dog’s neck. The leash attaches to this chain section. There are two options on the prong collar for leash attachment, the dead ring, and the live ring. The live ring is used when a dog needs more correction as it gives more slack when the leash is popped. The dead ring is used most commonly when first training a dog to use a prong. The leash is attached to both rings, and as such, there is not as much slack as when attached to the live ring. This section commonly has a swivel at the point of attachment to lessen the twisting and possible tangling of the leash. The limited traction of the martingale chain combined with the angle of the prongs prevents the prongs from moving close enough to pinch. The collar is designed to prevent the dog from pulling by applying pressure completely around the dog’s neck. Unlike flat, martingale, or choke collar the prong protects the trachea as it distributes pressure evenly. There are also prong collar that buckle and do not restrict. Prong collar must never be turned inside out, as this may cause injury against the body and head. Plastic tips are occasionally placed on the ends of the prongs to protect against tufts forming in the fur or, in the case of low quality manufactured collar with a rough chisel cut ends, irritating the skin. Like the choke chain, the prong collar is placed high on the dog’s neck, just behind the ears, at the most sensitive point. This is perhaps one of the most ignored factors of proper prong collar use.
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The fit and placement of the prong collar are the most important factors when using this training tool. Like any collar, the prong collar can fail. After being used for a while or the prongs simply fall apart. It is recommended by many trainers to include a secondary form of attachment such as a dominant dog collar, or regular flat collar in addition to the prong collar so if this happens the dog does not run loose. Some dog training organisations will not allow members to use them, and they are prohibited by law in Victoria, Australia. Force collar are leather with metal prongs or studs lining the inside; similar in effect to prong collar. Choke chains are a length of chain with rings at either end such that the collar can be formed into a loop that slips over the dogs head and rests around the top of the dog’s neck, just behind the ears. When the leash is attached to the “dead” ring, the collar does not constrict on the dog’s neck. When the leash is attached to the “live” ring, the chain slips tighter when pulled and slips looser when tension is released. Training with this leash involves a quick jerk with an immediate release, called a  “leash pop”, “snap”, or “correction”. This is supposed to correct a dog’s unwanted behavior, such as leaving the “heel” position. Pulling harder or longer on the choke chain presses on the dog’s esophagus and restricts breathing. Cesar Milan’s “Illusion collar” is a choke collar wrapped in a buckle collar. Fur saver collar are a kind of slip chain that contains fewer and longer individual links than a close link chain, also known as a long link fur saver collar. Fur saver collar can be used both for long and short-haired breeds limiting damage to the dog’s fur. It can be used for training and daily use as well. The fur saver collar can be ‘locked out’ preventing it from constricting by attaching the leash connector to any link within the chain, this mitigates the unlimited traction effect associated with a slip chain. No-pull harnesses No-pull harnesses or restricting harnesses rely on a level of discomfort, force, and avoidance to alter the dog’s behavior. When the dog pulls, a strap within the harness tightens applying an uncomfortable pressure on the dog’s body which the dog must actively alter the pulling behavior to avoid.

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